Main factors as associated with early leaving:
(a) family background:
(i) migration or ethnic minority origin;
(ii) lower socioeconomic status of parents;
(iii) parental attitudes towards education;
Strategies on early school leaving should be based on an analysis at national, regional and local level of the conditions leading to the phenomenon, as average rates often mask large differences between different regions or countries.
Early school leaving is a complex, dynamic and multifaceted phenomenon, resulting from a combination of personal, social, economic, educational and family-related factors, very often linked to socio-economic disadvantage. It is rarely a sudden decision, and usually the visible result of a long process of underachievement and progressive disengagement from education.